PERTIMBANGAN HAKIM DALAM MENENTUKAN HAK ASUH ANAK AKIBAT PERCERAIAN AGAMA HINDU DI BALI
The prominent legal issues in balinese law can be classified in two problems, inheritance and purusa ( descendant ), purusa is an inherent status (comonly for male) after marriage. If there is later a divorce, the judge must consider the decision in applying the law that was enforced in deciding the divorce case.
Referring to Balinese customary law, when there is a divorce, the child's custody will fall on the purusa / father because the child will become a descendant of the father's family, whereas in the Decision of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia number: 126K / Pdt. / 2001 dated August 28, 2003 states that "If the father and mother divorce, then the care of the underage child is left to the closest and familiar person to the child, namely the mother". Therefore, the basis for weighing judges in determining custody of children in Hindu religious divorce in Balinese customary law is to combine two legal mechanisms between customary law and national law, where from the aspect of Balinese customary law which adheres to the purusa system, the right is on the purusa party but because the child is still underage, the child is under the mother's care until the child become an adult, and mother can not prevent the child to exercising rights and obligations in the father's family as purusa.
Artadi, I.K. (1987). Hukum Adat Bali Dengan Aneka Masalahnya Dilengkapi Yurisprudensi. Denpasar: Setia Kawan. Denpasar
Artatik, I.G.A. (2018). Tinjauan Hukum Adat Bali Terhadap Pelaksanaan Perkawinan Nyeburin, Denpasar: Fakultas Ilmu Agama dan Kebudayaan Universitas Hindu Indonesia
Hadikusuma, H. (2003). Hukum Perkawinan Adat Dengan Adat Istiadatnya. cet.Keenam. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti
Koentjaraningrat. (1990). Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia.Jakarta, Djambatan
Panetje, G. (2004). Aneka Catatan Tentang Hukum Adat Bali. Cet. Ketiga. Denpasar : Kayumas Agung
Pudja, G. (1974). Pengantar Tentang Perkawinan Menurut Hukum Hindu (didasarkan Manusmriti). Dirjen Bimas hindu & Budha Depag
Soepomo. R. (1986). Bab – Bab Tentang Hukum Adat. Jakarta : Pradnya Paramita
Murtiawan, I.W.E.P., Budiartha, I.N.P., dan Sudibya, D.G. (2020). Hak Memelihara Anak Setelah Putusnya Perkawinan Karena Perceraian Menurut hukum Adat Bali. Jurnal Analogi Hukum. Volume 2. Denpasar: Fakultas Hukum Universitas Warmadewa
Swastyastu, “makna Mengangkat Anak Menurut Ajaran Moral Agama Hindu”, http://suryawanhindudharma.wordpress.com/dokuments/makna-mengangkat-anak-menurut-ajaran-moral-agama-hindu/,diakses pada 18 oktober 2019
Authors whose manuscript is published will approve the following provisions:
The right to publication of all journal material published on the AKTUAL JUSTICE journal website is held by the editorial board with the author's knowledge (moral rights remain the property of the author).
The formal legal provisions for access to digital articles of this electronic journal are subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) license, which means Jurnal of AKTUAL JUSTICE reserves the right to store, modify the format, administer in the database, maintain and publish articles without requesting permission from the Author as long as it keeps the Author's name as the owner of Copyright.
Printed and electronically published manuscripts are open access for educational, research, and library purposes. In addition to these objectives, the editorial board shall not be liable for violations of copyright law.