PERTIMBANGAN HAKIM DALAM MENENTUKAN HAK ASUH ANAK AKIBAT PERCERAIAN AGAMA HINDU DI BALI

  • Ni Putu Yuliana Kemalasari Mahabhali Legal Consultant & Advocat
Keywords: Custody rights, purusa, Judge's consideration

Abstract

The prominent legal issues in balinese law can be classified in two problems, inheritance and purusa ( descendant ), purusa is an inherent status (comonly for male) after marriage. If there is later a divorce, the judge must consider the decision in applying the law that was enforced in deciding the divorce case.

Referring to Balinese customary law, when there is a divorce, the child's custody will fall on the purusa / father because the child will become a descendant of the father's family, whereas in the Decision of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia number: 126K / Pdt. / 2001 dated August 28, 2003 states that "If the father and mother divorce, then the care of the underage child is left to the closest and familiar person to the child, namely the mother". Therefore, the basis for weighing judges in determining custody of children in Hindu religious divorce in Balinese customary law is to combine two legal mechanisms between customary law and national law, where from the aspect of Balinese customary law which adheres to the purusa system, the right is on the purusa party but because the child is still underage, the child is under the mother's care until the child become an adult, and mother can not prevent the child to exercising rights and obligations in the father's family as purusa.

References

1. Buku

Artadi, I.K. (1987). Hukum Adat Bali Dengan Aneka Masalahnya Dilengkapi Yurisprudensi. Denpasar: Setia Kawan. Denpasar

Artatik, I.G.A. (2018). Tinjauan Hukum Adat Bali Terhadap Pelaksanaan Perkawinan Nyeburin, Denpasar: Fakultas Ilmu Agama dan Kebudayaan Universitas Hindu Indonesia

Hadikusuma, H. (2003). Hukum Perkawinan Adat Dengan Adat Istiadatnya. cet.Keenam. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti

Koentjaraningrat. (1990). Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia.Jakarta, Djambatan

Panetje, G. (2004). Aneka Catatan Tentang Hukum Adat Bali. Cet. Ketiga. Denpasar : Kayumas Agung

Pudja, G. (1974). Pengantar Tentang Perkawinan Menurut Hukum Hindu (didasarkan Manusmriti). Dirjen Bimas hindu & Budha Depag

Soepomo. R. (1986). Bab – Bab Tentang Hukum Adat. Jakarta : Pradnya Paramita


2. Jurnal

Murtiawan, I.W.E.P., Budiartha, I.N.P., dan Sudibya, D.G. (2020). Hak Memelihara Anak Setelah Putusnya Perkawinan Karena Perceraian Menurut hukum Adat Bali. Jurnal Analogi Hukum. Volume 2. Denpasar: Fakultas Hukum Universitas Warmadewa

3. Artikel

Swastyastu, “makna Mengangkat Anak Menurut Ajaran Moral Agama Hindu”, http://suryawanhindudharma.wordpress.com/dokuments/makna-mengangkat-anak-menurut-ajaran-moral-agama-hindu/,diakses pada 18 oktober 2019
Published
2019-12-14
Abstract viewed = 24 times
downloaded = 24 times